This report from the World Health Organization provides a brief overview of the best evidence regarding the principal social determinants of health and opportunities for action available to policy-makers. Health inequities are unfair, avoidable, and remediable differences in health status between countries and between different groups of people within the same country. Health inequities are attracting increasing attention on national and global policy agendas. Despite this, few countries have been able systematically to reduce them.
Closing the Health Equity Gap: Policy Options and Opportunities for Action. World Health Organization 2013. http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/78335.